Arthroscopic Reconstruction of Segmental Defects of the Hip Labrum: Results in 22 Patients With Mean 2-Year Follow-Up.
Purpose: To report mean 2-year patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and the incidence of revision hip arthroscopy or conversion to total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients who had undergone arthroscopic reconstruction of the hip labrum for segmental defects.
Methods: Data were prospectively collected and retrospectively reviewed on all patients who had undergone hip arthroscopy from April 2008 to April 2013. All patients who underwent arthroscopic labral reconstruction with either a semitendinosus allograft or a gracilis autograft with mean 2-year follow-up were part of the inclusion criteria. The following outcomes were recorded: modified Harris hip score, nonarthritic athletic hip score, hip outcome score-sports-specific subscale, hip outcome score-activities of daily living subscale, visual analog scale, for pain, patient satisfaction, revision hip arthroscopies, and conversion to THA. A 2-tailed Student's t-test was used to assess for statistically significant differences between the mean of preoperative and postoperative PROs. P values less than .05 were considered statistically significant.
Results: A total of 22 patients (14 females, 8 males) met the inclusion criteria. There was 100% follow-up. The mean age of the study population was 32.2 years. Twelve patients had reconstruction as part of a revision procedure and 10 patients had a reconstruction at the time of primary arthroscopy. Concomitant arthroscopic procedures included acetabuloplasty and femoroplasty. There was statistically significant improvement in all PROs (P = .013 to < .001). The mean changes for the modified Harris hip score, nonarthritic athletic hip score, hip outcome score-sports-specific subscale, and hip outcome score-activities of daily living subscale were 11.0 ± 19.5, 22.2 ± 15.0, 23.1 ± 30.9, and 19.1 ± 17.5 points, respectively. The mean improvement in the visual analog scale was 3.33 ± 2.92 points (P < .001), and the mean patient satisfaction was 6.73 out of 10 points. One patient required conversion to THA for presumed progression of osteoarthritis and 2 patients required a revision procedure for adhesions.
Conclusions: This arthroscopic technique for labral reconstruction was associated with a significant improvement in PROs and function. Conversion to THA with the procedure was 4.5%.