Arthroscopic Treatment of Hip Pain in Adolescent Patients With Borderline Dysplasia of the Hip: Minimum 2-Year Follow-Up.
Purpose: To examine arthroscopic treatment of hip pain in patients with borderline hip dysplasia (lateral center edge angle [LCEA] between 20° and 25°).
Methods: From 2008 to 2013, patients below 18 years of age who underwent arthroscopic hip surgery with an LCEA between 20° and 25° were retrospectively matched 1:1 to a control group without dysplasia (LCEA ≥25°) based on age, gender, femoroplasty, labral treatment, and capsular plication. Indications for surgery included failure to improve with nonoperative treatments and anti-inflammatory medications after 3 months. Patient-reported outcome data were collected using modified Harris hip score, hip outcome score-activities of daily living subscale, hip outcome score-sports-specific subscale, nonarthritic athletic hip score, and visual analog scale.
Results: From 2008 to 2013, 168 patients below the age of 18 underwent arthroscopic hip surgery. Twenty-one patients met inclusion criteria and were matched 1:1 to a control group. Follow-up was achieved for 17 patients in both groups (81%). Mean follow-up time, age, and LCEA were 2.19 years, 15.5 years, and 22.3° for the dysplastic group and 2.16 years, 16.0 years, and 31.2° for the control group, respectively. Preoperative patient-reported outcomes between groups were not statistically different. At the latest follow-up, both groups showed statistically significant improvement over baseline in modified Harris hip score, hip outcome score-activities of daily living subscale, hip outcome score-sports-specific subscale, nonarthritic athletic hip score, and visual analog scale (P < .001). Latest follow-up scores were not statistically different between groups.
Conclusions: This study shows favorable 2-year outcomes in adolescent patients with borderline dysplasia undergoing labral treatment and capsular plication. Outcomes in the borderline dysplastic patients were as good as those of a control group. Although adolescents with borderline dysplasia have traditionally been a challenging group of patients to treat, these results suggest that an arthroscopic approach that addresses both labral pathology and instability may be beneficial.