Birmingham Hip Resurfacing vs Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Matched-Pair Comparison of Clinical Outcomes.
Abstract: Birmingham hip resurfacing (BHR) has proven to be a good alternative for younger patients with osteoarthritis. Some have asserted that BHR may yield outcomes which are superior to total hip arthroplasty (THA), and that some studies which failed to show a difference were plagued by ceiling effects and lack of sensitivity of outcome measures. The purpose of this study is to compare outcomes of BHR and THA using the "Forgotten Joint" Score-12 (FJS), a more sensitive score with lesser vulnerability to the ceiling effect.
Methods: Patients who underwent BHR were matched to patients who underwent posterior THA by computing a propensity score using 5 covariates: age, body mass index, gender, worker's compensation claims, and previous hip surgery. Surgical outcomes were assessed using 6 patient-reported outcome measures, including the FJS, the visual analog scale for pain, and patient satisfaction.