Minimum 2-Year Outcomes of Hip Arthroscopic Surgery in Patients With Acetabular Overcoverage and Profunda Acetabulae Compared With Matched Controls With Normal Acetabular Coverage.

Abstract: Advancements in instrumentation and techniques have extended the scope of hip arthroscopic surgery to treat complex osseous deformities that were previously best addressed with an open approach. Global pincer-type femoroacetabular impingement is an example of an abnormality requiring osseous correction with a technically challenging access point.

Methods: Data were collected on all patients undergoing hip arthroscopic surgery during the study period from April 2008 to April 2013. All patients who had undergone hip arthroscopic surgery for symptomatic labral tears not responsive to a minimum of 3 months of physical therapy with both an LCEA >40° and profunda acetabulae, as defined by the ilioischial line lateral to the medial border of the teardrop, and without a history of hip surgery or hip conditions were included. This group was matched in a 1-to-1 ratio with a control group that had also undergone the arthroscopic management of symptomatic labral tears refractory to a minimum of 3 months of physical therapy with an LCEA between 25° and 40° according to age within 3 years, sex, body mass index category, Tönnis grade, labral treatment, and capsular treatment. Range of motion, impingement signs, and radiographic indices of coverage and version were recorded for each group. Four patient-reported outcome (PRO) scores, the visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, patient satisfaction, revision hip arthroscopic surgery, and conversion to total hip arthroplasty (THA) were also recorded.

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