Fresh Femoral Head Osteochondral Allograft Transplantation for Treating Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Femoral Head.
Abstract: Treatment options for the management of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions of the femoral head are limited. Although arthroscopic surgery of the hip can treat a variety of intra- and extra-articular pathologies, an OCD lesion located at the superior and medial zone of the femoral head is often difficult to access and cannot be adequately treated arthroscopically. The use of fresh-stored osteochondral allograft allows surgeons to both avoid donor-site morbidity and treat lesions of a larger surface area. We present our technique for surgical treatment of a femoral head OCD lesion with open surgical dislocation of the hip through stepped trochanteric osteotomy and osteochondral transplantation of fresh-stored femoral head allograft.