Central Acetabular Impingement Is Associated With Femoral Head and Ligamentum Teres Damage: A Cross-Sectional Matched-Pair Analysis of Patients Undergoing Hip Arthroscopy for Acetabular Labral Tears
Purpose: The primary purpose of this study was to report the prevalence of femoral head articular damage in patients with a central acetabular osteophyte (CAO) that was identified during hip arthroscopy and compare it with that in a matched control group without a CAO. A secondary purpose was to identify rates of coexisting intra-articular pathology in both patient groups.
Methods: Intraoperative data were collected prospectively on all hip arthroscopy patients at our institution between 2008 and 2015. The inclusion criteria for this study were CAOs identified during hip arthroscopy for a labral tear and/or femoroacetabular impingement. The exclusion criteria were Tönnis grade greater than 0, previous hip conditions, and prior surgical interventions. The matched control group was selected based on sex, age ± 5 years, body mass index, and Workers' Compensation claim at a 3:1 ratio and comprised patients who underwent hip arthroscopy for a labral tear and/or femoroacetabular impingement without a CAO. The size and location of labral tears and chondral lesions were recorded in square millimeters with a 5-mm probe and by the clock-face method.