Hip arthroscopy following contralateral total hip arthroplasty: a multicenter matched-pair study
The purpose of this study was to determine if patients undergoing hip arthroscopy for labral pathology with contralateral total hip arthroplasty (THA) have a difference in revision surgeries or patient-reported outcomes (PROs) when compared with those patients undergoing hip arthroscopy for labral pathology with a native contralateral hip. A retrospective review was performed for patients that were undergoing hip arthroscopy between 2008 and 2015. Patients were included in the study group if they met the following inclusion criteria: Tönnis Grade 0 or 1, hip labral pathology, previous contralateral THA, and greater than 2-year follow-up with completion of all PROs or conversion to a THA. Exclusion criteria included the previous surgical history on ipsilateral hip, peritrochanteric or deep gluteal space arthroscopy performed concomitantly, or dysplasia [Lateral Center Edge Angle (LCEA) < 20°]. A 3:1 matched-pair study was conducted. Multiple PRO scores were recorded for both groups. There was no statistically significant difference in the modified Harris hip score, non-arthritic hip score, hip outcome score-sports specific sub-scale, visual analog pain score and patient satisfaction scores between both groups. However, the study group was noted to have six patients converted to THA (67%) at an average of 30 months post-operatively, compared with only four patients (15%) in the control group (P = 0.006). Hip arthroscopy cannot be currently recommended in patients who have undergone contralateral THA due to the high conversion to THA (67%).