Hip Arthroscopy Results in Similar Short-Term Function Compared to Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients of Similar Demographic Profiles
Purpose: To review short-term functional outcomes in patients who underwent hip arthroscopy and to compare their outcomes to those of a demographically similar cohort who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA).
Methods: Data were prospectively collected and retrospectively reviewed for patients undergoing hip arthroscopy (SCOPE) between April 2008 and October 2015. SCOPE patients were included if they were ≥35 years, had preoperative and postoperative 2-year follow-up, and had no prior hip condition or ipsilateral hip surgery. SCOPE patients were matched 1:1 to a demographically similar cohort of patients who underwent THA at our institution. Matching criteria included similar age (within 5 years), gender, and body mass index (within 5). SCOPE patients were assessed with modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), non-arthritic hip score, and visual analogue scale (VAS). THA patients were assessed with mHHS, forgotten joint score, and VAS.
Results: Sixty-seven patients were included in each cohort. Patients who underwent hip arthroscopy for management of labral tears achieved nearly equivalent mHHS, Health Survey Short Form (SF-12) Mental, SF-12 Physical, Veterans RAND 12 Item Health Survey (VR-12) Mental, VR-12 Physical scores at latest follow-up compared to demographically similar patients who underwent THA. There was no significant difference in mHHS scores (SCOPE = 82.9 ± 16.4 vs THA = 87.3 ± 15, P = .095) between the 2 group groups. In addition, average patient satisfaction on a 10-point scale was 8.1 for the SCOPE cohort and 8.8 for the THA cohort (P = .052).
Conclusions: Our results show that hip arthroscopy, when performed in patients with the appropriate indications, can lead to comparably excellent outcomes as total hip arthroplasty with significant pain relief at short term follow-up.