Modified Shelf Acetabuloplasty Endoscopic Procedure With Allograft for Developmental Hip Dysplasia Treatment
Hip dysplasia has been identified as one of the leading causes of osteoarthritis. However, hip arthroscopy alone, in the setting of hip dysplasia, remains controversial. In borderline hip dysplasia, with lateral center-edge angle (LCEA) between 18° and 25°, good outcomes have been reported with appropriate capsular and labral management. However, in severe hip dysplasia, with LCEA below 18°, there is an acetabular bony structural deficiency that must be addressed. Even with the potential benefit of hip arthroscopy in addressing intra-articular injuries related to the instability, it cannot be used for soft-tissue procedures. Periacetabular osteotomy remains the gold standard to address that matter; however, its invasive nature along with the long recovery time leaves some patients unwilling to undergo this procedure. New minimally invasive endoscopic procedures, derived from open techniques, describe acetabular autologous bone grafting as an alternative. Donor-side morbidity is always a concern when using autografts; we believe that the use of bone allograft will decrease this potential issue and make the procedure itself less invasive. This Technical Note will describe a type of endoscopic shelf acetabuloplasty using an allograft iliac bone graft.