Outcomes Following Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty With Concomitant Gluteus Medius Repair Using the Direct Anterior Approach


Purpose:  Outcomes following total hip arthroplasty (THA) with concomitant gluteus medius (GM) repair using the direct anterior approach (DAA) are scarce. The primary purpose of this study was to report patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) with 2-year follow-up of patients with osteoarthritis and GM tear who underwent primary THA and GM repair through the DAA. The secondary purpose was to compare these outcomes with a benchmark propensity-matched control group who underwent a DAA THA without GM tear. Patients were eligible if they received a primary THA and GM repair via the DAA between January 2015 and October 2018 and had baseline PROMs with 2-year follow-up. Patients were excluded if they had workers' compensation or were unwilling to participate. PROM subanalysis was performed between patients and a propensity-matched control group with DAA THA without GM tear. Fourteen patients were included in the study, all of whom were female. Significant improvement for all PROMs and high rate of achieving the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) at 2-year follow-up were reported. All patients were propensity-matched to 28 patients for sex, age, and body mass index. Preoperative PROMs between groups were similar, and both groups reported comparable improvement, satisfaction, and MCID achievement at 2-year follow-up. Primary THA with concomitant GM repair using the DAA yielded good functional outcomes and a high rate of MCID achievement at 2-year follow-up. Based on these results, the DAA can be used safely to address symptomatic GM tears during THA. Furthermore, these outcomes were comparable to a propensity-matched control group without GM tear. [Orthopedics. 2023;46(1):39-46.].

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